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Posted in 18th Century England, 19th Century England, jane austen, Jane Austen’s World, Regency Period, Regency style, canada goose outlet tagged Crossing Sweepers,, Mansfield Park, Northanger Abbey, pattens, canada goose outlet reviews Pride and Prejudice, Regency Fashion, Regency Gowns, Trains on dresses on April 12, 2014During the late 18th century, early 19th century, trains on gowns were de rigueur. I chose to show the two gowns below, goose outlet canada since the styles were popular when Jane Austen was a teenager (first image) and wrote the first editions of Northanger Abbey, Sense and Sensibility, and Pride and Prejudice (second and third images).

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I have often wondered how delicate muslin gowns survived the harsh laundering that was required to remove stains made from dusty floors and muddy pathways. Even the grandest ladies wearing the most expensive dresses promenaded on gravel walkways or shopped along city or village streets. How did they manage to keep their hems clean in an era when paved roads and sidewalks were almost impossible to find?

Dirt road, a view near New Cross Deptford in Kent, 1770. artist unknown Yale University, Mellon Collection.

Until macadam roads became widespread, roads across most of Great Britain remained unpaved. Village roads were especially notorious for becoming muddy quagmires during rainy days. The deep ruts in this village scene, illustrated just five years before Jane Austen birth, say it all.

Detail of the road in New Cross Deptford

Dresses worn by working class women stopped at or canada goose outlet black friday above the ankles, and for good reason! These women wore sturdy leather shoes that could withstand the dirt.

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City streets were barely better than country roads. While sidewalks protected dress hems, roads were still made of dirt. People tossed out garbage from their canada goose outlet sale windows, and horse droppings made crossings all but impassible for pedestrians.

Dirt road, detail of St. George, Bloomsbury

canada goose outlet los angeles Crossing sweepers were stationed along major intersections, sweeping a clearing for anyone willing to canada goose outlet uk sale give a tip. Not only did horses pull carriages and wagons, but drovers led animals to market through village and city streets. The stench from their droppings must have been unbelievable. canada goose outlet los angeles

canada goose clothing uk This enterprising street sweeper places a wheeled plank at strategic points to help pedestrians cross dirty roads. Print by Carle Vernet. canada goose clothing uk

canada goose kensington parka uk I always view contemporary images for clues. created some wonderful watercolours around the topic. In this painting, you can see how the trains of the dresses have somehow been hitched up in the back, especially with the first and third women. canada goose kensington parka https://www.thecanadagooseoutlet.com uk

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canada goose outlet online store review After Elizabeth Bennet walks to Netherfield to visit her sick sister, Jane, Mrs. Hurst and Mrs. Bingley speak disparagingly canada goose black friday sale about the state of her dress: canada goose outlet online store review

has nothing, in short, to recommend her, but being an excellent walker. I shall never forget her appearance this morning. She really looked almost canada goose outlet online wild. did indeed, Louisa. I could hardly keep my countenance. Very nonsensical to come at all! Why must she official canada goose outlet be scampering about the country, because her sister had a cold? Her hair, canada goose outlet nyc so untidy, so blowsy! and her petticoat; I hope you saw her petticoat, six inches deep in mud, I am absolutely certain; and the gown which had been let down to hide it, not doing its office. Pride and Prejudice, canada goose outlet in usa Chapter 8

canada goose outlet parka Bingley citified and nouveau riche sisters were horrified at Elizabeth lack of decorum. To them, appearances are more important than sisterly devotion. One imagines that they would not have ventured out until the sun had dried the mud and they could be canada goose outlet store uk assured of a carriage. From the image below, one can readily see why Elizabeth hems were in such sad shape after her long walk in fields made wet by heavy rain. canada goose outlet parka

canada goose outlet store calgary One wonders how helpful pattens were when dirt roads became quagmires. Although she was young when she painted these watercolours, demonstrates a decided sense of humor in her paintings. canada goose outlet store calgary

In Northanger Abbey, Isabella and Catherine became quickly inseparable, even calling each other by their first names in an age when only intimate friends and family could be on canada goose outlet uk such terms.

They called each other by their Christian name, were always arm in arm when they walked, pinned up each other train for the dance, and were not to be divided in the set; and if a rainy morning deprived them of other enjoyments, they were still resolute in meeting in defiance of wet and dirt, and shut themselves up, to read novels together.

They pinned up the trains of each others evening gowns to prevent tripping, but also staining, I suspect. canada goose factory outlet (It must be noted that guests changed from their street shoes to dancing slippers before entering a ballroom, which probably reduced the amount of dirt trailed inside.)Nothing could stop the girls from seeing each other, not even or muddy streets.

canada goose outlet vip There were many ways to protect trains. In this film still, Gwynneth Paltrow Emma hitches her train on a loop over her wrist. canada goose outlet vip

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canada goose outlet jackets These French images from the late 18th century provide the best evidence in how ladies would protect their delicate dresses out of doors. While we assume that ladies did not expose their ankles to the public (they certainly did not in the Victorian era, but the Regency was a different time), the illustrations point out the practical habit of hitching a train over one arm. canada goose outlet jackets

canada goose outlet in vancouver This French fashionista with her short, pert hair cut, reveals her roman style slippers as she promenades with her train carried over her arm canada goose outlet in vancouver.